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Steven Xiao

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Lead-free Solder Paste And Composition

- Jan 08, 2019 -

Lead-free Solder Paste and Composition


Lead-Free solder paste is solder without lead (Pb) is taking rapid momentum around the world after the EU (European Union) Directives to wipe off lead (Poison) from electronic soldering considering its health and environmental effects

RoHS: Restriction of Hazardous Substances [ lead (Pb), mercury (Hg), cadmium (Cd), hexavalent chromium (CrVI), polybrominated biphenyls (PBB) and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDE).]

WEEE: Waste from Electrical and Electronic Equipments.

Why Lead-free in Electronics

Many of the electronic companies and manufacturers around the globe were using Tin-Lead (Sn/Pb) solder for PCB assembly and rework. They also used No-Clean Liquid Flux and No-Clean Solder Paste. They did not bother to clean the PCB and the flux residue after assembly. These boards were later dumped into earth.

While lead is dangerous and harmful during the assembly process, dumping the board in soil was harmful to the environment. This ultimately lead to make lead-free PCB assembly mandatory.

solder paste

Lead-Free Solder

Various Chemistry for alloy composition in lead-free solder was explored. Several things had to be kept in mind:

  • Composition of lead-free cored solder wire for hand-soldering

  • Composition of solder bar for wave soldering

  • Composition of solder paste for reflow and hot air soldering

  • Composition of BGA Balls

  • Chemistry of flux to be used in lead-free soldering

  • Temperature resistance and tolerance of led-free compatible electronic components

The best composition of solder as per the experts are:

       Lead Free Solder Wire – Sn96.5/Ag3.0/Cu0.5

       Lead-Free Solder Bar- Sn99.3/Cu0.7

       Lead-Free Solder Paste – Sn96.5/Ag3.0/Cu0.5


Flux – Flux is used in lead-free soldering has to be more active to withstand the high temperature.


NeoDen provide a full smt assembly line solutions, including SMT reflow oven, wave soldering machine, pick and place machine, solder paste printer, PCB loader, PCB unloader, chip mounter, SMT AOI machine, SMT SPI machine, SMT X-Ray machine, SMT assembly line equipment, PCB production Equipment smt spare parts etc any kind SMT machines you may need, please contact us for more information:

Hangzhou NeoDen Technology Co.,Ltd

Web: www.neodentech.com 

Email: info@neodentech.com  





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